Main Ratios


  2022 2021 2020 (4) 2019
Leverage        
Interest Cover (x) (1) 3.84 3.78  2.96 2.13
Net Debt / EBITDA  (2)  2.40 2.61  2.35 3.14
Net Debt / Invested Capital 0.36 0.35  0.35 0.38
Liquidity        
Current (x) 1.43 1.32 1.31  1.38
Profit Margins        
EBITDA (%) 14.5% 16.1%  17.8% 16.6%
Before Tax (%) 6.0% 6.3% 2.3%  4.0%
Net (%) 4.8% 5.4% 0.1%  3.2%
Productivity        
ROACE  (1) 8.8% 7.0% 6.9%  6.0%
Growth        
Sales (%) 33.1% 6.7% -0.2%  8.0%
EBITDA (%) 7.1% 7.1% 7.1% 2.8%
Earnings BT (%) 26.6% 193.4% -42.6% -22.0%
Net income (%) 19.3% 8063.7% -97.8% (3)  -5.5%
Stock Ratio        
EPS 1.53 1.23 0.01  0.65
Return to shareholders per share 0.60 0.50  0.40 0.20
 

 

(1) 2020 figures exclude €46.6m of impairment losses on goodwill in Egypt

(2) As defined by loan agreemens

(3) 2020 Net profit  includes non-cash charges of €63.9m related to Egypt

(4) Restated due to application of IFRIC Agenda Decision IAS 19